Martin Luther (Ex-monk/Catholic) disgusted by the corruption, inventions and contortions of the Roman church, such as the priesthood of men, initiated the Protestant revolution in 1520.
Lutherans believe that the Bible, as a divinely inspired book, is the source of all revealed divine knowledge. Scripture alone (Sola scriptura) is the formal principle of the faith, the final authority for all matters of faith and doctrine. And this is very true.
They Accept The Universal Priesthood as Per Scriptures (i.e. that all Christians are equal, as taught by Christ)
The universal priesthood or ‘the priesthood of all believers’, as it is known today, is confirmed in the New Testament. It is biblical, and thus a foundational concept of Protestantism. It is this doctrine that Martin Luther adduces in his 1520 To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation in order to dismiss the medieval Christian belief that Christians were to be divided into two classes: “spiritual” and “temporal” or non-spiritual (whilst the Gospel tells us clearly what a Christian is: one repented and baptized!
Thus clarifying that there are three types of believers:
1. not-repented = ‘believer’.
2. ‘repented but not baptized’ = ‘believer’.
3. repented and baptized = ‘Christian’. He proclaimed the doctrine that all ‘Christians’ are “priests” and “spiritual” in the sight of God, and that all believers are ‘Temporal’, for they shall not resurrect to eternal life.
That the pope or bishop anoints, makes tonsures, ordains, consecrates, or dresses differently from the laity, may make a hypocrite or an idolatrous oil-painted icon, but it in no way makes a Christian or spiritual human being. In fact, we are all consecrated priests through Baptism, as St. Peter in 1 Peter 2:9 says, “You are a royal priesthood and a priestly kingdom,” and Revelation 5:10, “Through your blood you have made us into priests and kings.”
How then if they are forced to admit that we are all equally priests, as many of us as are baptized, and by this way we truly are; while to them is committed only the Ministry (ministerium Predigtamt) and consented to by us (nostro consensu)? If they recognize this they would know that they have no right to exercise power over us (ius imperii, in what has not been committed to them) except insofar as we may have granted it to them, for thus it says in 1 Peter 2, “You are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a priestly kingdom.” In this way, we are all priests: as many of us as are Christians. There indeed are ministers whom we call Priest. They are chosen by the churches, and they do everything in name of the churches. This is a priesthood which is nothing more than the Ministry of men. Thus 1 Corinthians 4:1: “No one should regard us as anything else than ministers of Christ and dispensers of the mysteries of God.”
Cliff: Repentance, as we observe from the Gospel, is to be understood as divided into two parts and two types:
Part 1: Repentance (regrets for sins committed and the decision to reject sinning again).
Part 2: Faith in the doctrine of Jesus Christ, born of the Gospel. Type 1: Repentance for sins committed: prior to baptism, or for sins committed after baptism, the latter, if possible, unforgivable: but that is not possible.
Type 2: Repentance for transgressions (forgivable) committed before, or after baptism.
Like their Infant Baptism, this item of The Augsburg Confession (Lutheran Church) is porous! People could interpret this like: I can sin, but as long as I regret it, my sins shall be forgiven: through faith in Christ. This would be a major error and therefore I must correct this. According to the Gospel, sins after baptism shall not be forgiven, only transgressions! For else, what would be the purpose of baptism? If baptism has to be received for the remission of sin? Is it to be re-received repeatedly, every time we sin? No!
The Augsburg Confession divides repentance into two parts: “One is contrition, that is, terrors smiting the conscience through the knowledge of sin; the other is faith, which is born of the Gospel, or of absolution, and believes that for Christ’s sake, sins are forgiven, comforts the conscience, and delivers it from terrors.
What it should read, according to Jesus:
The Augsburg Confession divides repentance into two parts: “One is contrition, that is, terrors smiting the conscience through the knowledge of sin; the other is faith, which is born of the Gospel, or of absolution due to the knowledge of remission of pre-baptismal sins after the baptism ritual, and believes that for Christ’s sake, sins shall be forgiven by God, after the repentance and baptism process has been completed: this comforts the conscience, and delivers it from terrors.
And like all the others, this church will only baptize people into their church! And remember, God does not like this one bit! A true Christian will baptize people into the Church of Christ and let them go their way.
The Lutheran church, like the Church of England, held on to much of the Catholic violations, such as confessions to priests and infant baptism. Jesus did not command any of this! There is one mediator between God and men: Jesus Christ.